Interpreting the ways in which nutrition and food security varies around the world is foundational to our understanding of global health and how it might be improved. Through assessing dietary status and food security, examining its causes, and evaluating the health challenges faced by different people around the world, our community-based research endeavors to identify health inequities and measure their social and behavioral underpinnings. Primarily conducted in middle and low-income countries, our work is carried out in partnership with domestic and international organizations and communities. Through the examination of various determinants of health and nutrition, our research contributes to the global effort to end hunger, achieve food security, and improve overall nutrition. To see a listing of research by region, click here.
The following papers examine assessment of nutrition, dietary status and food security, as well as potential interventions to promote food security in regions worldwide. We investigate the role of household expenditures, analyzing the significance of economic barriers and the ways in which they are measured. These topics are explored further in papers and reports that provide new approaches to food security surveillance and resilience in food security. These offer strategies to address and combat crises by reducing vulnerability and promoting sustainable development, using systems thinking as an avenue of analysis for resilience program planning, monitoring, and evaluation.
Some of this work is produced by Tulane faculty in collaboration with external organizations such as the Mozambique Ministries of Health and Agriculture, Development Information Services International, Somalia Resilience Program, the Food Security Information Network, the University of Texas at Austin, USAID, and the United Nations World Food Programme.
The double burden of malnutrition is characterized by the coexistence of undernutrition and obesity within a population. Our research discusses the inherent connection between undernutrition and overnutrition in low-income nations, evaluating the success of intervention efforts and policies.
In producing this research, Tulane faculty collaborated with colleagues from various universities in low- and middle-income countries, including the University of Cape Town, the University of Rwanda – Kigali, and Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas.
Internationally, mothers and children face a unique set of nutritional issues. In these papers, we explore the potential causes and implications of these issues in regions ranging from Scandinavia to Eastern Africa. This collection of research spans infant feeding patterns, the relationship between maternal and child health, nutrition challenges beyond infancy and into childhood, and a handful of other related topics.
Much of research in this section was carried out alongside professionals from other universities and organizations, such as the Ministry of Health in Guinea, Michigan State University, Stockholm University, University of California – Los Angeles, University of Queensland, the Louisiana Department of Public Health, among others.